- Common Name
- Kitti’s Hog-nosed Bat
Pronunciation: kray-see-oh-nik-ter-is thon-glon-vye
Conservation Status: Near Threatened (IUCN Red List)
Fun Fact: Kitti’s Hog-nosed Bat is the smallest species of bat and is the smallest mammal in length (the Etruscan shrew, Suncus etruscus, barely wins the title for smallest mammal by weight).
Also called the Bumblebee Bat, Kitti’s Hog-nosed Bat is found only in restricted parts of western Thailand and areas of Myanmar. They roost in limestone caves and usually associated with limestone outcrops near rivers.
In addition to being very small, the Kitti’s Hog-nosed Bat is generally reddish-brown or grey in color, with a distinctive pig-like snout. They forage for insects in short bouts, and are thought to feed mainly on small flies and flying ants. Foraging ranges are very restricted, with most bats staying within 1 kilometer of the roost site. The roost in small groups within caves, averaging about 100 individuals.
With so few known populations, there is still limited information about this bat. Main threats to this bat are human disturbance due to religion visit and fertilizer collection, as well as limestone mining and forest habitat loss.
Bates, P., Bumrungsri, S. & Francis, C. (2019) Craseonycteris thonglongyai. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T5481A22072935. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T5481A22072935.en.
Hill, J. E., & Smith, S. E. (1981) Craseonycteris thonglongyai. Mammalian species, 160, 1-4.