BCI Staff Publications
In Chronological Order 


Christie, A. P., Downey, H., Frick, W. F., Grainger, M., O’Brien, D., Tinsley‐Marshall, P., … Sutherland, W. J. (2022). A practical conservation tool to combine diverse types of evidence for transparent evidence‐based decision‐making. Conservation Science and Practice, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.579  


Cheng, T. L. et al. 2021. The scope and severity of white-nose syndrome on hibernating bats in North America. Conservation Biology:1–12.Cheng, T. L., Reichard, J. D., Coleman, J. T. H., Weller, T. J., Thogmartin, W. E., Reichert, B., … Frick, W. F. (2021). The scope and severity of White-nose Syndrome on hibernating bats in North America. Conservation Biology, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13739  

Dzal, Y. A., Menzies, A. K., Webber, Q. M. R., & Willis, C. K. R. (2021). Torpor and Tinbergen: Integrating Physiological and Behavioral Traits with Ontogeny, Phylogenetic History, Survival and Fitness to Understand Heterothermy in Bats. In B. K. Lim, M. B. Fenton, R. M. Brigham, S. Mistry, A. Kurta, E. H. Gillam, … J. Ortega (Eds.), 50 Years of Bat Research: Foundations and New Frontiers (pp. 223–238). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-54727-1_14 

Dzal, Y. A., & Milsom, W. K. (2021). Effects of hypoxia on the respiratory and metabolic responses to progressive cooling in newborn rodents that range in heterothermic expression. Experimental Physiology, 106(4), 1005–1023. https://doi.org/10.1113/ep089085 

Dzal, Y. A., & Willis, C. K. R. (2021). Applying conservation physiology in response to devastating wildlife disease, White-nose Syndrome in bats. In C. L. Madliger, C. E. Franklin, O. P. Love, & and S. J. Cook (Eds.), Conservation Physiology: Applications for Wildlife Conservation and Management. (pp. 143–164). Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198843610.003.0009  

Frick, W. F., Russell, A., & Gillam, E. H. (2021). Contributions of women and creating a culture of inclusivity at the North American Society for Bat Research. In B. K. Lim (Ed.), 50 Years of Bat Research, Fascinating Life Sciences (pp. 23–40). Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-54727-1_2  

Frick, W. F. (2021). Book review: Phyllostomid Bats: A Unique Mammalian Radiation, Theodore H. Fleming, Liliana M. D´avalos, Marco A. R. Mello (Eds.). The University of Chicago Press (2020).10.7208/chicago/9780226696263.001.0001. Biological Conservation256(March), 109061. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2021.109061  

Friedenberg, N. A., & Frick, W. F. (2021). Assessing fatality minimization for hoary bats amid continued wind energy development. Biological Conservation, 262, 109309. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2021.109309 

McCracken, G. F., Lee, Y.-F., Gillam, E. H., Frick, W., & Krauel, J. (2021). Bats flying at high altitudes. In B. K. Lim, M. B. Fenton, R. M. Brigham, S. Mistry, A. Kurta, E. H. Gillam, … J. Ortega (Eds.), 50 Years of Bat Research, Foundations and New Frontiers (pp. 189–205). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-54727-1_12  

McGuire, L. P., Johnson, E. M., Frick, W. F., & Boyles, J. G. (2021). Temperature alone is insufficient to understand hibernation energetics. Journal of Experimental Biology, 224(14). https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.239772 

Morisette, J. T., Duffy, K. A., Weltzin, J. F., Browning, D. M., Marsh, R. L., Friesz, A. M., … Richardson, A. D. (2021). PS3: The Pheno-Synthesis software suite for integration and analysis of multi-scale, multi-platform phenological data. Ecological Informatics, 65, 101400. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoinf.2021.101400  

Pannkuk, E. L., Dorville, N. A. S.-Y., Dzal, Y. A., Fletcher, Q. E., Norquay, K. J. O., Willis, C. K. R., … Laiakis, E. C. (2021). Hepatic lipid signatures of little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus) and big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) at early stages of white-nose syndrome. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 11581. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-90828-w  

Piccioli Cappelli, M., Blakey, R. V., Taylor, D., Flanders, J., Badeen, T., Butts, S., Frick, W. F., Rebelo, H. (2021). Limited refugia and high velocity range-shifts predicted for bat communities in drought-risk areas of the Northern Hemisphere. Global Ecology and Conservation28, e01608. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2021.e01608  

Reichert, B., Bayless, M., Cheng, T. L., Coleman, J. T. H., Francis, C. M., Frick, W. F., … Weller, T. J. (2021). NABat: A top-down, bottom-up solution to collaborative continental-scale monitoring. Ambio, 50:901-913. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-020-01411-y  

Rocha, R., Aziz, S. A., Brook, C. E., Carvalho, W. D., Cooper‐Bohannon, R., Frick, W. F., … Webala, P. W. (2021). Bat conservation and zoonotic disease risk: a research agenda to prevent misguided persecution in the aftermath of COVID‐19. Animal Conservation, 24(3), 303–307. https://doi.org/10.1111/acv.12636  

Seewagen, C. L., & Adams, A. M. (2021). Turning to the dark side : LED light at night alters the activity and species composition of a foraging bat assemblage in the northeastern United States. Ecology and Evolution11(10), 5635–5645. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.7466  

Shapiro, J. T. et al. 2021. Setting the terms for zoonotic diseases: effective communication for research, conservation, and public policy. Viruses 13:1356. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13071356  

Simmons, N. B., Flanders, J. O. N., Moïse, E., & Fils, B. (2021). A new dichromatic species of Myotis (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) from the Nimba Mountains, Guinea. American Museum Novitates2020(3963), 1–40. https://doi.org/10.1206/3963.1  

 Sutherland, W. J., Downey, H., Frick, W. F., Tinsley-Marshall, P., & McPherson, T. (2021). Planning practical evidence-based decision making in conservation within time constraints: the Strategic Evidence Assessment Framework. Journal for Nature Conservation60, 125975. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnc.2021.125975  


Bernard, R. F., Reichard, J. D., Coleman, J. T. H., Blackwood, J. C., Verant, M. L., Segers, J. L., Lorch, J. M., White, J. P., Moore, M. S., Russell, A. L., Katz, R. A., Linder, D. L., Toomey, R. S., Turner, G. G., Frick, W. F., Vonhof, M. J., Willis, C. K. R., Grant, E. H. C. (2020). Identifying research needs to inform White‐nose Syndrome management decisions. Conservation Science and Practice2(8), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.220 

Haase, C. G., Fuller, N. W., Dzal, Y. A., Hranac, C. R., Hayman, D. T. S., Lausen, C. L., … Plowright, R. K. (2020). Body mass and hibernation microclimate may predict bat susceptibility to white‐nose syndrome. Ecology and Evolution, 11(1), 506–515. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.7070  

Hoyt, J. R., Langwig, K. E., Sun, K., Parise, K. L., Li, A., Wang, Y., et al., Frick, W. F., Foster, J. T., Fend, J., Kilpatrick, A. M. (2020). Environmental reservoir dynamics predict global infection patterns and population impacts for the fungal disease White-nose Syndrome. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America117(13), 7255–7262. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1914794117 

Frick, Winifred F. (2020). Book Review: A Bat’s End: The Christmas Island Pipistrelle and Extinction in Australia. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 95, 164–165. 

Frick, W. F., Kingston, T., & Flanders, J. (2020). A review of the major threats and challenges to global bat conservation. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences1469(1), 5–25. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14045 

Kurta, A., Frick, W. F., Fenton, M. B., Campbell, P., McCracken, G. F., Timm, R. M., & Genoways, H. H. (2020). Obituary: Thomas Henry Kunz (19382020). Journal of Mammalogy, 101(6), 1752–1780. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1093/jmammal/gyaa100 

Mead, J. I., Tweet, J. S., Santucci, V. L., Chambers, C. L., Thomas, S. C., & Carpenter, M. C. (2020). Pleistocene/Holocene cave fossils from Grand Canyon National Park: Ice Age (Pleistocene) flora, fauna, environments, and climate of the Grand Canyon, Arizona. In V. L. Santucci & J. S. Tweet (Eds.), Grand Canyon National Park: Centennial Paleontological Resource Inventory. Fort Collins, Colorado: National Park Service. http://npshistory.com/publications/grca/nrr-2020-2103-nsv.pdf  

Olival, K. J., Cryan, P. M., Amman, B. R., Baric, R. S., Blehert, D. S., Brook, C. E., Calisher, C. G., Castle, K. T., Coleman, J. T. H., Daszak, P., Epstein, J. H., Field, H., Frick, W. F.,  et al. Wang, L.-F. (2020). Possibility for reverse zoonotic transmission of SARS-CoV-2 to free-ranging wildlife: a case study of bats. PLoS PathogensIn Press, 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1008758 

Whitby, M. D., Kieran, T. J., Glenn, T. C., & Allen, C. (2020). Agricultural pests consumed by common bat species in the United States corn belt: the importance of DNA primer choice. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment303(July), 107105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2020.107105 

Ange-Stark, M., Cheng, T. L., Hoyt, J. R., Langwig, K. E., Parise, K. L., Frick, W. F., Kilpatrick, A. M., MacManes, M. D., Foster, J. T. (2019). White-nose Syndrome restructures bat skin microbiomes. BioRxiv, 614842. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1101/614842 

Bratman, G. N., Anderson, C. B., Berman, M. G., Cochran, B., de Vries, S., Flanders, J. et al. Daily, G. C. (2019). Nature and mental health: an ecosystem service perspective. Science Advances5(7). https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aax0903 

Cheng, T. L., Gerson, A., Moore, M. S., Reichard, J. D., DeSimone, J., Willis, C. K. R., et al. Kilpatrick, A. M. (2019). Higher fat stores contribute to persistence of little brown bat populations with White-nose Syndrome. Journal of Animal Ecology88(4), 591–600. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.12954 

Dávalos, L. M., Lancaster, W. C., Núñez-Novas, M. S., León, Y. M., Lei, B., Flanders, J., & Russell, A. L. (2019). A coalescent-based estimator of genetic drift, and acoustic divergence in the Pteronotus parnellii species complex. Heredity122(4), 417–427. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41437-018-0129-3 

Frick, W. F., Kingston, T., & Flanders, J. (2019). A review of the major threats and challenges to global bat conservation. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences1469(1), 5–25. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14045 

Hoyt, J. R., Langwig, K. E., White, J. P., Kaarakka, H. M., Redell, J. A., Parise, K. L., et al., Frick, W. F., Kilpatrick, A. M. (2019). Field trial of a probiotic bacteria to protect bats from White-nose Syndrome. Scientific Reports9(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-45453-z 

Steel, Z. L., Campos, B., Frick, W. F., Burnett, R., & Safford, H. D. (2019). The effects of wildfire severity and pyrodiversity on bat occupancy and diversity in fire-suppressed forests. Scientific Reports9(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-52875-2 

Stepanian, P. M., Wainwright, C. E., Frick, W. F., & Kelly, J. F. (2019). Weather surveillance radar as an objective tool for monitoring bat phenology and biogeography. The Journal of Engineering2019(20), 7062–7064. https://doi.org/10.1049/joe.2019.0595 

Arteaga, M. C., Medellín, R. A., Luna-Ortíz, P. A., Heady, P. A., & Frick, W. F. (2018). Genetic diversity distribution among seasonal colonies of a nectar-feeding bat (Leptonycteris yerbabuenae) in the Baja California Peninsula. Mammalian Biology92(2010), 78–85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mambio.2018.04.008 

Frick, W. F., Heady, P. A., Earl, A. D., Arteaga, M. C., Cortés-Calva, P., & Medellín, R. A. (2018). Seasonal ecology of a migratory nectar-feeding bat at the edge of its range. Journal of Mammalogy99(5), 1072–1081. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmammal/gyy088 

Hoyt, J. R., Langwig, K. E., White, J. P., Kaarakka, H. M., Redell, J. A., Kurta, A., et al. Frick, F. F.,  Kilpatrick, A. M. (2018). Cryptic connections illuminate pathogen transmission within community networks. Nature563(7733), 710–713. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0720-z 

Moore, M. S., Field, K. A., Behr, M. J., Turner, G. G., Furze, M. E., Stern, D. W. F., et al. Reeder, D. A. M. (2018). Energy conserving thermoregulatory patterns and lower disease severity in a bat resistant to the impacts of White-nose Syndrome. Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology188(1), 163–176. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00360-017-1109-2 

Shipley, J. R., Kelly, J. F., & Frick, W. F. (2018). Toward integrating citizen science and radar data for migrant bird conservation. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation4(2), 127–136. https://doi.org/10.1002/rse2.62 

Tobin, A., Corbett, R. J. M., Walker, F. M., & Chambers, C. L. (2018). Acceptance of bats to gates at abandoned mines. Journal of Wildlife Management82(7), 1345–1358. https://doi.org/10.1002/jwmg.21498 

Weller, T. J., Rodhouse, T. J., Neubaum, D. J., Ormsbee, P. C., Dixon, R. D., Popp, D. L., et al., Thomas, S. C., Oliver, G. V., Navo, K. W. (2018). A review of bat hibernacula across the western United States: implications for White-nose Syndrome surveillance and management. PLoS ONE13(10), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0205647 

Aliperti, J. R., Kelt, D. A., Heady, P. A., & Frick, W. F. (2017). Using behavioral and stable isotope data to quantify rare dietary plasticity in a temperate bat. Journal of Mammalogy, (x), gyw196. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmammal/gyw196 

Frick, W. F., Baerwald, E. F., Pollock, J. F., Barclay, R. M. R., Szymanski, J. A., Weller, T. J., et al. McGuire, L. P. (2017). Fatalities at wind turbines may threaten population viability of a migratory bat. Biological Conservation209, 172–177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.02.023 

Frick, W. F., Cheng, T. L., Langwig, K. E., Hoyt, J. R., Janicki, A. F., Parise, K. L., et al. Kilpatrick, A. M. (2017). Pathogen dynamics during invasion and establishment of White-Nose syndrome explain mechanisms of host persistence. Ecology98(3), 624–631. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.1706 

Langwig, K. E., Hoyt, J. R., Parise, K. L., Frick, W. F., Foster, J. T., & Kilpatrick, A. M. (2017). Resistance in persisting bat populations after White-nose Syndrome invasion. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences372(1712). https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2016.0044 

Voigt, C. C., Frick, W. F., Holderied, M. W., Holland, R., Kerth, G., Mello, M. A. R., et al. Yovel, Y. (2017). Principles and patterns of bat movements: from aerodynamics to ecology. The Quarterly Review of Biology92(3), 267–287. https://doi.org/10.1086/693847 

Hein, C. D., & Schirmacher, M. R. (2016). Impact of wind energy on bats: A summary of our current knowledge. Human-Wildlife Interactions10(1), 19–27. https://doi.org/10.26077/x7ew-6349 

Weller, T. J., Castle, K. T., Liechti, F., Hein, C. D., Schirmacher, M. R., & Cryan, P. M. (2016). First direct evidence of long-distance seasonal movements and hibernation in a migratory bat. Scientific Reports6(October), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep34585 

Castle, K. T., Weller, T. J., Cryan, P. M., Hein, C. D., & Schirmacher, M. R. (2015). Using sutures to attach miniature tracking tags to small bats for multimonth movement and behavioral studies. Ecology and Evolution5(14), 2980–2989. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1584 

Cryan, P. M., Gorresen, P. M., Hein, C. D., Schirmacher, M. R., Diehl, R. H., Huso, M. M., et al. Dalton, D. C. (2014). Behavior of bats at wind turbines. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America111(42), 15126–15131. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1406672111 

Arnett, E. B., Barclay, R. M. R., & Hein, C. D. (2013). Thresholds for bats killed by wind turbines. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment11(4), 171. https://doi.org/10.1890/1540-9295-11.4.171 

Arnett, E. B., Hein, C. D., Schirmacher, M. R., Huso, M. M. P., & Szewczak, J. M. (2013). Evaluating the effectiveness of an ultrasonic acoustic deterrent for reducing bat fatalities at wind turbines. PLoS ONE8(6), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0065794 

Arnett, E. B., Huso, M. M. P., Schirmacher, M. R., & Hayes, J. P. (2011). Altering turbine speed reduces bat mortality at wind-energy facilities. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment9(4), 209–214. https://doi.org/10.1890/100103