BCI Staff Publications 


Frick, W. F., Wit, L. A. de, Ibarra, A., Lear, K., & O’Mara, M. T. (2024). Conserving bats and their foraging habitats. In D. Russo & B. Fenton (Eds.), A Natural History of Bat Foraging (pp. 305–325). London, United Kingdom: Elsevier Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-323-91820-6.00002-4 

Jonasson, K. A., Adams, A. M., Brokaw, A. F., Whitby, M. D., O’Mara, M. T., & Frick, W. F. (2024). A multisensory approach to understanding bat responses to wind energy developments. Mammal Review. https://doi.org/10.1111/mam.12340 

Plowright, R. K., Ahmed, A. N., Coulson, T., Crowther, T. W., Ejotre, I., Faust, C. L., … Keeley, A. T. H. (2024). Ecological countermeasures to prevent pathogen spillover and subsequent pandemics, 15(1), 2577. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-024-46151-9 

Voigt, C. C., Frick, W. F., Holderied, M. W., Holland, R., Kerth, G., Mello, M. A. R., … Yovel, Y. (2017). Principles and Patterns of Bat Movements: From Aerodynamics to Ecology. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 92(3), 267–287. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1086/693847 

Weller, T. J., Smith, K. J., Thomas, S. C., & Baldwin, J. A. (2024). An adaptation of dual-frame sampling for estimating bat population trends in multi-hibernacula systems. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 88(4), e22571. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1002/jwmg.22571 


Ange-Stark, M., Parise, K. L., Cheng, T. L., Hoyt, J. R., Langwig, K. E., Frick, W. F., … Foster, J. T. (2023). White-nose syndrome restructures bat skin microbiomes. Microbiology Spectrum, 11(6), e02715-23. https://doi.org/10.1128/spectrum.02715-23 

Donaldson, A., & Flanders, J. (2023). Phyllonycteris aphylla. In A. Kurta & A. Rodríguez-Durán (Eds.), Bats of the West Indies. A natural history and field guide. (pp. 285–2879). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. 

Frick, W. F., Dzal, Y. A., Jonasson, K. A., Whitby, M. D., Adams, A. M., Long, C., … Cheng, T. L. (2023). Bats increased foraging activity at experimental prey patches near hibernacula. Ecological Solutions and Evidence, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.1002/2688-8319.12217 

Hooton, L. A., Adams, A. A., Cameron, A., Fraser, E. E., Hale, L., Kingston, S., … Davy, C. M. (2023). Effects of bat white-nose syndrome on hibernation and swarming aggregations of bats in Ontario. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 101(10), 886–895. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjz-2022-0139 

Koger, B., Hurme, E., Costelloe, B. R., O’Mara, M. T., Wikelski, M., Kays, R., & Dechmann, D. K. N. (2023). An automated approach for counting groups of flying animals applied to one of the world’s largest bat colonies. Ecosphere, 14(6). https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.4590 

O’Mara, M. T. (2023). Conservation: Tracking bats around wind turbines. Current Biology, 33(4), R136–R138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2022.12.048 

O’Mara, M. T., & Dechmann, D. K. N. (2023). Greater spear-nosed bats commute long distances alone, rest together, but forage apart. Animal Behaviour, 204, 37–48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2023.08.001 

Page, R., Dechmann, D., O’Mara, M., Tschapka, M., & Ziegler, C. (2023). Bat Island: A Rare Journey into the Hidden World of Tropical Bats. Earth Aware Editions. 

Seewagen, C. L., Nadeau-Gneckow, J., & Adams, A. M. (2023). Far-reaching displacement effects of artificial light at night in a North American bat community. Global Ecology and Conservation, 48, e02729. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2023.e02729 

Simonis, M. C., Hartzler, L. K., Campbell, J., Carter, T. C., Cooper, L. N., Cross, K., … Rúa, M. A. (2023). Long-term spring through fall capture data of Eptesicus fuscus in the eastern USA before and after white-nose syndrome. Data in Brief, 49, 109353. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2023.109353 

Smith, R. K., Morgan, W. H., Al‐Fulaij, N., Amano, T., Bowkett, A. E., Christie, A., … Sutherland, W. J. (2023). Co‐designing a toolkit for evidence‐based decision making in conservation: Processes and lessons. Ecological Solutions and Evidence, 4(3). https://doi.org/10.1002/2688-8319.12269 

Weber, N., Nagy, M., Markotter, W., Schaer, J., Puechmaille, S. J., Sutton, J., … Reeder, D. M. (2023). Robust evidence for bats as reservoir hosts is lacking in most African virus studies: a review and call to optimize sampling and conserve bats. Biology Letters, 19(11), 20230358. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2023.0358 


Boyles, J. G., Johnson, E. M., Fuller, N. W., Silas, K. A., Hou, L., Frick, W. F., & McGuire, L. P. (2022). Behavioural microclimate selection and physiological responses to environmental conditions in a hibernating bat. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 100(3), 233–238. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1139/cjz-2021-0193 

Christie, A. P., Downey, H., Frick, W. F., Grainger, M., O’Brien, D., Tinsley‐Marshall, P., … Sutherland, W. J. (2022). A practical conservation tool to combine diverse types of evidence for transparent evidence‐based decision‐making. Conservation Science and Practice, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.579  

Cronin, M. R., Wit, L. A., & Martínez‐Estévez, L. (2022). Aligning conservation and public health goals to tackle unsustainable trade of mammals. Conservation Science and Practice, 4(11). https://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.12818 

Downey, H., Bretagnolle, V., Brick, C., Bulman, C. R., Cooke, S. J., Dean, M., … Sutherland, W. J. (2022). Principles for the production of evidence‐based guidance for conservation actions. Conservation Science and Practice, 4(5). https://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.12663 

Flanders, J., Frick, W., Nziza, J., Nsengimana, O., Kaleme, P., Dusabe, M. C., … Kibiwot, S. (2022). Rediscovery of the critically endangered Hill’s horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus hilli) and other new records of bat species in Rwanda. Biodiversity Data Journal, 10, e83546. https://doi.org/10.3897/bdj.10.e83546 

Ferreira, R. L., Bernard, E., Júnior, F. W. da C., Piló, L. B., Calux, A., Souza-Silva, M., … Frick, W. F. (2022). Brazilian cave heritage under siege. Science, 375(6586), 1238–1239. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abo1973 

Frick, Winifred F., Cooke, S. J., Dickson, I., Jackson, H. A., Keller, K. E., Luz, A. D. la, … Young, L. C. (2022). Creating a Culture of Evidence Use. In W. J. Sutherland (Ed.), Transforming Conservation, A Practical Guide to Evidence and Decision Making. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0321 

Frick, W. F., Johnson, E., Cheng, T. L., Lankton, J. S., Warne, R., Dallas, J., … McGuire, L. P. (2022). Experimental inoculation trial to determine the effects of temperature and humidity on White-nose Syndrome in hibernating bats. Scientific Reports, 12(1), 971. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-04965-x 

Parks, D., Al‐Fulaij, N., Brook, C., Butchart, S. H. M., Collomb, J., Cope, D., … Vié, J. (2022). Funding evidence‐based conservation. Conservation Biology, 36(6), e13991. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13991 

Tinsley-Marshall, P., Downey, H., Adum, G., Al-Fulaij, N., Bourn, N. A. D., Brotherton, P. N. M., … Sutherland, W. J. (2022). Funding and delivering the routine testing of management interventions to improve conservation effectiveness. Journal for Nature Conservation, 67, 126184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnc.2022.126184 


Cheng, T. L., Reichard, J. D., Coleman, J. T. H., Weller, T. J., Thogmartin, W. E., Reichert, B. E., … Frick, W. F. (2021). The scope and severity of white‐nose syndrome on hibernating bats in North America. Conservation Biology, 35(5), 1586–1597. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13739 

Dzal, Y. A., Menzies, A. K., Webber, Q. M. R., & Willis, C. K. R. (2021). Torpor and Tinbergen: Integrating Physiological and Behavioral Traits with Ontogeny, Phylogenetic History, Survival and Fitness to Understand Heterothermy in Bats. In B. K. Lim, M. B. Fenton, R. M. Brigham, S. Mistry, A. Kurta, E. H. Gillam, … J. Ortega (Eds.), 50 Years of Bat Research: Foundations and New Frontiers (pp. 223–238). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-54727-1_14 

Dzal, Y. A., & Milsom, W. K. (2021). Effects of hypoxia on the respiratory and metabolic responses to progressive cooling in newborn rodents that range in heterothermic expression. Experimental Physiology, 106(4), 1005–1023. https://doi.org/10.1113/ep089085 

Dzal, Y. A., & Willis, C. K. R. (2021). Applying conservation physiology in response to devastating wildlife disease, White-nose Syndrome in bats. In C. L. Madliger, C. E. Franklin, O. P. Love, & and S. J. Cook (Eds.), Conservation Physiology: Applications for Wildlife Conservation and Management. (pp. 143–164). Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198843610.003.0009  

Frick, W. F., Russell, A., & Gillam, E. H. (2021). Contributions of women and creating a culture of inclusivity at the North American Society for Bat Research. In B. K. Lim (Ed.), 50 Years of Bat Research, Fascinating Life Sciences (pp. 23–40). Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-54727-1_2  

Frick, W. F. (2021). Book review: Phyllostomid Bats: A Unique Mammalian Radiation, Theodore H. Fleming, Liliana M. D´avalos, Marco A. R. Mello (Eds.). The University of Chicago Press (2020).10.7208/chicago/9780226696263.001.0001. Biological Conservation, 256(March), 109061. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2021.109061  

Friedenberg, N. A., & Frick, W. F. (2021). Assessing fatality minimization for hoary bats amid continued wind energy development. Biological Conservation, 262, 109309. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2021.109309 

McCracken, G. F., Lee, Y.-F., Gillam, E. H., Frick, W., & Krauel, J. (2021). Bats flying at high altitudes. In B. K. Lim, M. B. Fenton, R. M. Brigham, S. Mistry, A. Kurta, E. H. Gillam, … J. Ortega (Eds.), 50 Years of Bat Research, Foundations and New Frontiers (pp. 189–205). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-54727-1_12  

McGuire, L. P., Johnson, E. M., Frick, W. F., & Boyles, J. G. (2021). Temperature alone is insufficient to understand hibernation energetics. Journal of Experimental Biology, 224(14). https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.239772 

Morisette, J. T., Duffy, K. A., Weltzin, J. F., Browning, D. M., Marsh, R. L., Friesz, A. M., … Richardson, A. D. (2021). PS3: The Pheno-Synthesis software suite for integration and analysis of multi-scale, multi-platform phenological data. Ecological Informatics, 65, 101400. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoinf.2021.101400  

Pannkuk, E. L., Dorville, N. A. S.-Y., Dzal, Y. A., Fletcher, Q. E., Norquay, K. J. O., Willis, C. K. R., … Laiakis, E. C. (2021). Hepatic lipid signatures of little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus) and big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) at early stages of white-nose syndrome. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 11581. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-90828-w  

Piccioli Cappelli, M., Blakey, R. V., Taylor, D., Flanders, J., Badeen, T., Butts, S., Frick, W. F., Rebelo, H. (2021). Limited refugia and high velocity range-shifts predicted for bat communities in drought-risk areas of the Northern Hemisphere. Global Ecology and Conservation, 28, e01608. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2021.e01608  

Reichert, B., Bayless, M., Cheng, T. L., Coleman, J. T. H., Francis, C. M., Frick, W. F., … Weller, T. J. (2021). NABat: A top-down, bottom-up solution to collaborative continental-scale monitoring. Ambio, 50:901-913. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-020-01411-y  

Rocha, R., Aziz, S. A., Brook, C. E., Carvalho, W. D., Cooper‐Bohannon, R., Frick, W. F., … Webala, P. W. (2021). Bat conservation and zoonotic disease risk: a research agenda to prevent misguided persecution in the aftermath of COVID‐19. Animal Conservation, 24(3), 303–307. https://doi.org/10.1111/acv.12636  

Seewagen, C. L., & Adams, A. M. (2021). Turning to the dark side : LED light at night alters the activity and species composition of a foraging bat assemblage in the northeastern United States. Ecology and Evolution, 11(10), 5635–5645. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.7466  

Shapiro, J. T. et al. 2021. Setting the terms for zoonotic diseases: effective communication for research, conservation, and public policy. Viruses 13:1356. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13071356  

Simmons, N. B., Flanders, J. O. N., Moïse, E., & Fils, B. (2021). A new dichromatic species of Myotis (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) from the Nimba Mountains, Guinea. American Museum Novitates, 2020(3963), 1–40. https://doi.org/10.1206/3963.1  

 Sutherland, W. J., Downey, H., Frick, W. F., Tinsley-Marshall, P., & McPherson, T. (2021). Planning practical evidence-based decision making in conservation within time constraints: the Strategic Evidence Assessment Framework. Journal for Nature Conservation, 60, 125975. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnc.2021.125975  


Bernard, R. F., Reichard, J. D., Coleman, J. T. H., Blackwood, J. C., Verant, M. L., Segers, J. L., Lorch, J. M., White, J. P., Moore, M. S., Russell, A. L., Katz, R. A., Linder, D. L., Toomey, R. S., Turner, G. G., Frick, W. F., Vonhof, M. J., Willis, C. K. R., Grant, E. H. C. (2020). Identifying research needs to inform White‐nose Syndrome management decisions. Conservation Science and Practice, 2(8), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.220 

Frick, Winifred F. (2020). Book Review: A Bat’s End: The Christmas Island Pipistrelle and Extinction in Australia. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 95, 164–165. 

Frick, W. F., Kingston, T., & Flanders, J. (2020). A review of the major threats and challenges to global bat conservation. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1469(1), 5–25. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14045 

Gearhart, C., Adams, A. M., Pinshow, B., & Korine, C. (2020). Evaporative water loss in Kuhl’s pipistrelles declines along an environmental gradient, from mesic to hyperarid. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 240, 110587. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2019.110587 

Haase, C. G., Fuller, N. W., Dzal, Y. A., Hranac, C. R., Hayman, D. T. S., Lausen, C. L., … Plowright, R. K. (2020). Body mass and hibernation microclimate may predict bat susceptibility to white‐nose syndrome. Ecology and Evolution, 11(1), 506–515. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.7070  

Hoyt, J. R., Langwig, K. E., Sun, K., Parise, K. L., Li, A., Wang, Y., et al., Frick, W. F., Foster, J. T., Fend, J., Kilpatrick, A. M. (2020). Environmental reservoir dynamics predict global infection patterns and population impacts for the fungal disease White-nose Syndrome. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(13), 7255–7262. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1914794117 

Kurta, A., Frick, W. F., Fenton, M. B., Campbell, P., McCracken, G. F., Timm, R. M., & Genoways, H. H. (2020). Obituary: Thomas Henry Kunz (19382020). Journal of Mammalogy, 101(6), 1752–1780. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1093/jmammal/gyaa100 

Mead, J. I., Tweet, J. S., Santucci, V. L., Chambers, C. L., Thomas, S. C., & Carpenter, M. C. (2020). Pleistocene/Holocene cave fossils from Grand Canyon National Park: Ice Age (Pleistocene) flora, fauna, environments, and climate of the Grand Canyon, Arizona. In V. L. Santucci & J. S. Tweet (Eds.), Grand Canyon National Park: Centennial Paleontological Resource Inventory. Fort Collins, Colorado: National Park Service. http://npshistory.com/publications/grca/nrr-2020-2103-nsv.pdf  

Olival, K. J., Cryan, P. M., Amman, B. R., Baric, R. S., Blehert, D. S., Brook, C. E., Calisher, C. G., Castle, K. T., Coleman, J. T. H., Daszak, P., Epstein, J. H., Field, H., Frick, W. F.,  et al. Wang, L.-F. (2020). Possibility for reverse zoonotic transmission of SARS-CoV-2 to free-ranging wildlife: a case study of bats. PLoS Pathogens, In Press, 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1008758 

Whitby, M. D., Kieran, T. J., Glenn, T. C., & Allen, C. (2020). Agricultural pests consumed by common bat species in the United States corn belt: the importance of DNA primer choice. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 303(July), 107105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2020.107105 


Ange-Stark, M., Cheng, T. L., Hoyt, J. R., Langwig, K. E., Parise, K. L., Frick, W. F., Kilpatrick, A. M., MacManes, M. D., Foster, J. T. (2019). White-nose Syndrome restructures bat skin microbiomes. BioRxiv, 614842. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1101/614842 

Bratman, G. N., Anderson, C. B., Berman, M. G., Cochran, B., de Vries, S., Flanders, J. et al. Daily, G. C. (2019). Nature and mental health: an ecosystem service perspective. Science Advances, 5(7). https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aax0903 

Cheng, T. L., Gerson, A., Moore, M. S., Reichard, J. D., DeSimone, J., Willis, C. K. R., et al. Kilpatrick, A. M. (2019). Higher fat stores contribute to persistence of little brown bat populations with White-nose Syndrome. Journal of Animal Ecology, 88(4), 591–600. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.12954 

Dávalos, L. M., Lancaster, W. C., Núñez-Novas, M. S., León, Y. M., Lei, B., Flanders, J., & Russell, A. L. (2019). A coalescent-based estimator of genetic drift, and acoustic divergence in the Pteronotus parnellii species complex. Heredity, 122(4), 417–427. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41437-018-0129-3 

Hoyt, J. R., Langwig, K. E., White, J. P., Kaarakka, H. M., Redell, J. A., Parise, K. L., et al., Frick, W. F., Kilpatrick, A. M. (2019). Field trial of a probiotic bacteria to protect bats from White-nose Syndrome. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-45453-z 

Steel, Z. L., Campos, B., Frick, W. F., Burnett, R., & Safford, H. D. (2019). The effects of wildfire severity and pyrodiversity on bat occupancy and diversity in fire-suppressed forests. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-52875-2 

Stepanian, P. M., Wainwright, C. E., Frick, W. F., & Kelly, J. F. (2019). Weather surveillance radar as an objective tool for monitoring bat phenology and biogeography. The Journal of Engineering, 2019(20), 7062–7064. https://doi.org/10.1049/joe.2019.0595 


Arteaga, M. C., Medellín, R. A., Luna-Ortíz, P. A., Heady, P. A., & Frick, W. F. (2018). Genetic diversity distribution among seasonal colonies of a nectar-feeding bat (Leptonycteris yerbabuenae) in the Baja California Peninsula. Mammalian Biology, 92(2010), 78–85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mambio.2018.04.008 

Frick, W. F., Heady, P. A., Earl, A. D., Arteaga, M. C., Cortés-Calva, P., & Medellín, R. A. (2018). Seasonal ecology of a migratory nectar-feeding bat at the edge of its range. Journal of Mammalogy, 99(5), 1072–1081. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmammal/gyy088 

Hoyt, J. R., Langwig, K. E., White, J. P., Kaarakka, H. M., Redell, J. A., Kurta, A., et al. Frick, F. F.,  Kilpatrick, A. M. (2018). Cryptic connections illuminate pathogen transmission within community networks. Nature, 563(7733), 710–713. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0720-z 

Moore, M. S., Field, K. A., Behr, M. J., Turner, G. G., Furze, M. E., Stern, D. W. F., et al. Reeder, D. A. M. (2018). Energy conserving thermoregulatory patterns and lower disease severity in a bat resistant to the impacts of White-nose Syndrome. Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology, 188(1), 163–176. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00360-017-1109-2 

Shipley, J. R., Kelly, J. F., & Frick, W. F. (2018). Toward integrating citizen science and radar data for migrant bird conservation. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation, 4(2), 127–136. https://doi.org/10.1002/rse2.62 

Tobin, A., Corbett, R. J. M., Walker, F. M., & Chambers, C. L. (2018). Acceptance of bats to gates at abandoned mines. Journal of Wildlife Management, 82(7), 1345–1358. https://doi.org/10.1002/jwmg.21498 

Weller, T. J., Rodhouse, T. J., Neubaum, D. J., Ormsbee, P. C., Dixon, R. D., Popp, D. L., et al., Thomas, S. C., Oliver, G. V., Navo, K. W. (2018). A review of bat hibernacula across the western United States: implications for White-nose Syndrome surveillance and management. PLoS ONE, 13(10), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0205647 


Aliperti, J. R., Kelt, D. A., Heady, P. A., & Frick, W. F. (2017). Using behavioral and stable isotope data to quantify rare dietary plasticity in a temperate bat. Journal of Mammalogy, (x), gyw196. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmammal/gyw196 

Frick, W. F., Baerwald, E. F., Pollock, J. F., Barclay, R. M. R., Szymanski, J. A., Weller, T. J., et al. McGuire, L. P. (2017). Fatalities at wind turbines may threaten population viability of a migratory bat. Biological Conservation, 209, 172–177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.02.023 

Frick, W. F., Cheng, T. L., Langwig, K. E., Hoyt, J. R., Janicki, A. F., Parise, K. L., et al. Kilpatrick, A. M. (2017). Pathogen dynamics during invasion and establishment of White-Nose syndrome explain mechanisms of host persistence. Ecology, 98(3), 624–631. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.1706 

Frick, W. F., Krauel, J. J., Broadfoot, K. R., Kelly, J. F., & Chilson, P. B. (2017). The lofty lives of aerial consumers: linking population ecology and aeroecology. In P. B. Chilson, W. F. Frick, J. F. Kelly, & F. Liechti (Eds.), Aeroecology (pp. 379–399). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68576-2_15 

Hein, C. D. (2017). Monitoring bats. In M. R. Perrow (Ed.), Wildlife and Wind Farms-Conflicts and Solutions: Onshore: Monitoring and Mitigation (Vol. 2). Pelagic Publishing. 

Langwig, K. E., Hoyt, J. R., Parise, K. L., Frick, W. F., Foster, J. T., & Kilpatrick, A. M. (2017). Resistance in persisting bat populations after White-nose Syndrome invasion. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 372(1712). https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2016.0044 

Voigt, C. C., Frick, W. F., Holderied, M. W., Holland, R., Kerth, G., Mello, M. A. R., et al. Yovel, Y. (2017). Principles and patterns of bat movements: from aerodynamics to ecology. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 92(3), 267–287. https://doi.org/10.1086/693847 


Hein, C. D., & Schirmacher, M. R. (2016). Impact of wind energy on bats: A summary of our current knowledge. Human-Wildlife Interactions, 10(1), 19–27. https://doi.org/10.26077/x7ew-6349  

Weller, T. J., Castle, K. T., Liechti, F., Hein, C. D., Schirmacher, M. R., & Cryan, P. M. (2016). First direct evidence of long-distance seasonal movements and hibernation in a migratory bat. Scientific Reports, 6(October), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep34585 


Castle, K. T., Weller, T. J., Cryan, P. M., Hein, C. D., & Schirmacher, M. R. (2015). Using sutures to attach miniature tracking tags to small bats for multimonth movement and behavioral studies. Ecology and Evolution, 5(14), 2980–2989. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1584 


Cryan, P. M., Gorresen, P. M., Hein, C. D., Schirmacher, M. R., Diehl, R. H., Huso, M. M., et al. Dalton, D. C. (2014). Behavior of bats at wind turbines. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(42), 15126–15131. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1406672111 


Arnett, E. B., Barclay, R. M. R., & Hein, C. D. (2013). Thresholds for bats killed by wind turbines. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 11(4), 171. https://doi.org/10.1890/1540-9295-11.4.171 

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