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© Merlin D. Tuttle, BCI

Leptonycteris nivalis

 Mexican long-nosed bat (Phyllostomidae)
 Leptonycteris nivalis
 Mexican long-nosed bat

 Family Name: Phyllostomidae
 Genus: Leptonycteris
 Species Name: nivalis

 Pronunciation: lep-toh-nick-ter-is ni-val-is   
 Common Name: Mexican long-nosed bat

Mexican long-nosed bats synchronize their arrival in Texas with the summer blooming cycle of agave plants on which they rely for pollen and nectar. In Mexico, they also eat the nectar, pollen, and fruit of giant columnar cacti. Like hummingbirds, they hover in front of plants and insert their long noses and tongues deep into the flowers to sip nectar.

In Texas, these bats occur in agave and desert-scrub woodlands at elevations of 4,900 to 7,500 feet. They are seldom found far from the agaves and cacti upon which they depend. These bats are found north of the US border only from June to August. They roost in caves, abandoned mines, and cliff-face cavities in groups ranging from a few to several thousand. Many appear to make relatively long seasonal migrations, remaining active in warm climates year-round. These bats are seldom seen except at night at hummingbird feeders.

To learn more, read about this bat in the BATS Magazine Archive:

Long-nosed Bats Added to U.S. Endangered List
Mexico-U.S. Partnership Makes Gains For Migratory Bats
Nectar-Feeding Bats in the Columnar Cacti Forests of Central Mexico
Long-Nosed Bats and Agaves: The Tequila Connection

Approximate Range
Source: IUCN Red List

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